It is a common saying that ‘lighting is the foundation to a great photograph’- there are many people can actually attest to this statement. So in this light, if you are a professional photographer the important about correct photography lighting techniques should be at the forefront of your activity.
The effects of light are so many as they can actually influence the winning of great photographic prizes and are able to make experts crave for more of your work of art. In photography, the most important topic is actually lighting and the various techniques of using it to achieve best results in your photographs. The following are some basic type of lighting that are available today and their conventional usage and difficulties;
1 Back Lighting: The best if not one of the most artistic forms of photography today is actually carried out by backlighting the subjects. It can be quite difficult in situations whereby you wish to capture the lighting effects alongside with the subjects of the photographs. You can effectively use a perfect lighting technique in a situation where you want to capture the effects of either sunrise or sunset on the beach while a human subject is taking a natural view.
It is often advised that when you wish to a shot of a figure and be able to create a lasting effect, then it is good to simply compose the picture without necessarily using a form of flash photography. However, if you actually want the whole composition to be just even, then you can light it up with the use of flash equipment.
2 Side Lighting: This is the best form for illuminating the subject, background or object to give it an astonishing view or effects. If properly used or implemented, these form of lighting technique can offer a true art form. Partial light and partial darkness can help give your photograph a very beautiful look.
This is a great technique as it allows light to fall from one side and casting shadows on the other side of the subject helps in bringing out some features that can look amazing.
There are actually some particular portraits that are taking with the aid of side lighting to either emphasize the right or left features of the subject and provide depth to subjects like flower vase or aquarium. Side photography technique of side illumination effects is usually to depict texture and provide a three-dimensional effects.
3 Artificial Lighting:
This is often used in most indoor photography as the natural lighting is very low. Thus, artificial lighting is used to complement and enhance the entire art form as a whole. Usually, there are some great photos that are taken with the aid of an artificial lighting system.
This includes things like passport or marriage proposal photos. These, however, do not always come without constraints as if not properly placed; it might end up giving an undesirable effect like red eyes, and a harsh environment.
4 Diffused Lights: Usually, most natural photography lighting techniques are carried out with the help of diffused lights. It is capable of diverting direct light from falling on the subjects or objects. In indoor photography, you definitely need to choose the best time of the day to take a snap.
It can be sunrise, sunset or probably midday sunlight, but you need a time that is not too harsh for a proper snapshot. Filters and other desirable flash are highly needed to avoid hot spots and produce a very smooth lighting effect.
Finally, there are of course many other interesting lighting techniques available in the market today, but the aforementioned four can simply act as basics especially for amateurs or beginners in photography.